Nordic Redwood and Nordic Whitewood - a material of its time The sawmill industry in Finland, Norway and Sweden combiries modern technology with traditions and skill that stretches back hundreds of years.
Virtually all Nordic timber is converted in the region's sawmills and the export of logs is negligible. Nordic sawmills are renowned for their ability to produce sawn timber to exact cross-sectional sizes and lengths ideally suited to a wide variety of construction purposes and 1ndustrial applications.
Furniture designers, industrial designers and Interior designers have in recent years shown an increasing interest in Nordic Softwood - Nordic Redwood (pinus silvestris) and Nordic Whitewood (picea abies).
In Europe the use of Nordic Whitewood, has traditionally been reserved for construction work. while Nordic Redwood has dominated in furniture and joinery work.
There is. however, no intrinsic reason why this should be so; spruce can be used to great advantage in furniture and joinery and pine is frequently encountered in Interior paneling, flooring and mouldings.
Redwood and Whitewood are similar in their biological compositions and consequently are assigned identical, high strength ratings in European norms and standards.
Both timbers are very strong in relation to their weight A tree trunk consists of heartwood (the structural spine of the tree) and sapwood, which surrounds this heart.
The heartwood, formed gradually as the tree grows older, is indistinguishable from sapwood in spruce. whereas it has a distinctly reddish hue in pine.
The surface of sawn spruce has a fairly uniform, yellowish white colour; that of pine, on the other hand, may vary in shade with traces of red heartwood. The heartwood in pine contains a number of substances which occur naturally and provide the wood with a degree of natural durability.
It is, on the other hand the cell structure of spruce which makes this particular timber especially suitable for outdoor use; spruce fibers are less inclined to absorb moisture than, for example, the sapwood in pine. Both timbers lend themselves extremely well to planing, but cutters do need to be set at different angles for optimum results.
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