To fully understand and manage flood and storm-tide risks requires a reliable hydrodynamic engine that accurately predicts flood inundation patterns. FEMA-approved xp2D meets this challenge effectively and reliably.
The software can also be effectively used to simulate and analyse tidal surges, dam breaks and breaches on sewer networks.
xp2D simulates the complex hydrodynamics of floods and tides using the full 1D St. Venant equations and the full 2D free-surface shallow water equations.
xp2D is ideal for the following applications:
- Analysing Trouble Spots in an Existing 1D Network – simulating surface flooding, its flow path and its recession after the storm.
- Analysing Tidal Surges, Dambreaks and Breaches on 1D Storm/Sewer Networks – the impact of surface flooding on an existing 1D network can be simulated far more accurately.
- Analysis of Dual Drainage – modeling of a road/subdivision design is enhanced with the ability to interactively simulate the surface flows in 2D and the 1D stormwater/sewer network.
- Analysis of Broad Surface Drainage – perfect application to design and analyse drainage of carparks, commercial sites, golf courses, etc.
- Analysing Impact of Flooding of Non-Connected 1D Models – ideal for analysing the impact of cross surface flooding on adjacent non-connected 1D models such as parallel rivers, drainage canals, irrigation systems, etc.
The specific applications of the xp2D that best serve the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) community relate to accurate zone determination and maping of flood-prone areas characterised by complex hydrologic and hydraulic features, such as:
- Urban floodplain areas with dual drainage systems, combination of enclosed drainage systems, open channels and overland flow paths where the surface and subsurface flows can interactively be simulated in 1D and 2D
- Braided river systems with significant overbank areas
- Levee-protected areas where flooding may be due to over-topping of levees and/or back up of internal drainage systems
- "Flat" areas where flooding may be caused by heavy rainfall excess rather than by drainage/river system capacity restriction, flow path and its recession over time
- Analysing flows or overbank spills conveyed over flat terrain where the flow paths vary
- Analysing dam breaks and levee breaches that cannot be accurately depicted using traditional one-dimensional flow assumptions
- Flood Hazard Mapping – xp2D provides a tool to map the extents of surface flooding (depth and velocity) that can be used to develop emergency response procedures and to design engineering solutions to mitigate the impact of the flooding.
Why add xp2d to xpswmm/xpstorm?
Accuracy. When it comes to flooding, accurate simulation and forecasting can save lives and property. A simulation model that can demonstrate how water moves over land and how it interacts with its terrain as well as the existing system is essential in protecting lives, homes, businesses and municipal dollars.
1D/2D Integration. The combination of the 1D network flow with 2D surface flow uses the best description of the flow for each case — no need to use inadequate approximations. See how flood waters on the surface interact with an existing river or pipe system. Watch as storm sewers surcharge, waters flow down streets or across land surfaces and either pool or re-enter the system.
Structures and Terrain. Model not only the land terrain but its actual attributes. Factors in a model can include different types of land use, buildings, structures, dams, levees, fences and more.
Powerful Analysis. Using the powerful and well-accepted TUFLOW analysis engine coupled with the versatile xpswmm or xpstorm 1D analysis engine, xp2D solves the full 2D shallow-water equations on a finite-difference grid. This means that you will get accurate hydraulics answers, stable model runs, and relatively fast run times — key requirements that must be balanced in a model suited for real-world use.