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Data Sheet for Alumina Ceramics

Supplier: Ceramic Oxide Fabricators (Australia)
22 September, 2010

Alumina ceramics are typically polycrystalline materials that are formed by sintering or hot pressing. Sintering is typically performed at about 1700 °C.

A small amount of MgO may be added to control the grain size during sintering.

The data presented here were derived from reported values for high purity (99.5 % or higher) and nearly fully densified (98 % of the theoretical density, or higher) sintered alpha-alumina materials with a nominal grain size of 5 µm.

Property Summary:

  • Crystal System: Corundum, space group R3(bar)c, 2 formula units per unit cell, but most commonly referred to a larger hexagonal cell with 6 formula units.
  • Melting Point: 2050(4) °C
  • Nominal Grain Size: 5 µm
  • Creep Characteristics in Flexure in the range 100 MPa to 200 MPa, 1200 °C to 1800 °C:
  • Activation energy: 325(25) kJ/mol
  • Stress exponent: 1.08(5)
  • Tribology Characteristics (dry alumina on alumina):

With increasing temperature, both friction and wear increase sharply at 200(5) °C to a nearly constant value; subsequently, both properties decrease roughly linearly over the range 600 °C to 900 °C, attaining high temperature values that are nearly the same as the low temperature values.

Electrical properties

  • Dielectric Strength: 19 kV/mm
  • Dielectric Constant: 10
  • Loss Tangent: 0.00025 at 1kHz, 0.0001 at 100MHz

Mechanical Properties

  • Young's Modulus,E: 390-400 GNm -2
  • Shear Modulus G: 163 GNm-2
  • Poisson's Ratio: 0.235
  • Fracture Toughness, Klc: 3 - 4 MNm-3/2
  • Fracture Energy: 15-50 Jm-2
  • Tensile Strength: 200 - 400 MNm-2
  • Compressive Strength: 3 - 4 GNm-2
  • Hardness: 18 GPa

Thermal Properties

  • Heat capacity, J mol-1K-1: 13 at 273K
  • 18 at 373K
  • 24 at 1400K
  • Coefficient of Thermal expansion, p.p.m./K: 5 at 273K
  • 7 at 373K
  • 9 at 1400K
  • Thermal conductivity, Wm-1K-1: 33 at 273K

There is also a summary of alumina properties provided by NIST.

A good general reference on alumina is the book "Alumina Processing, Properties, and Applications" by E. Dorre and H. Hubner Springer Verlag, 1984

Source: Company